June 20, 2012
Hosni Mubarak in 2008. Photo: Getty Images
Key events in Egypt since the start of the Arab Spring last year:
- 25: Egypt protests erupt after a revolt topples Tunisia's ruler.
- 11: After daily protests, president Hosni Mubarak resigns and hands power to the army led by Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. About 850 people die in the unrest.
- 12: Promising a peaceful transition to democracy, the army suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament.
- 19: Egyptians approve a new constitution, with 77.2 per cent voting yes.
- 13: Authorities say Mubarak is being held in a hospital in Sharm el-Sheikh.
- 16: A court dissolves Mubarak's National Democratic Party.
- 7: Fifteen die and 200 injured as Muslims and Christians clash in Cairo.
- 6: A political party formed by the opposition Muslim Brotherhood is declared legal.
- 29: More than 1,000 hurt as protesters and police clash in Tahrir Square.
- 8: Thousands start a Tahrir sit-in to criticise the military's slow pace of reform.
- 29: Hundreds of thousands of Islamists pack Tahrir in the biggest gathering since Mubarak's fall.
- 3: Trial begins of Mubarak, his two sons, former interior minister Habib al-Adly and six police commanders.
- 9: Cairo clashes leave 25 people dead, mainly Coptic Christians.
- 19: Start of week-long clashes between police and anti-military demonstrators that leave 42 dead.
- 28-29: Egypt holds its first post-revolt parliamentary election. Islamist parties win about three-quarters of seats.
- 11: The US State Department's number two sits down with Muslim Brotherhood party leaders.
- 1: Riots kill 74 people after a Port Said football match.
- 10: A court suspends the Islamist-dominated commission tasked with drafting a new constitution amid a boycott by liberals, moderate Muslims and the Coptic church.
- 17: The electoral commission bars 10 candidates from standing for president, ruling out two Islamists and Mubarak's ex-spy chief.
- 2: Thugs attack a protest near the defence ministry, leaving at least 20 dead, including supporters of Salafist politician Hazem Abu Ismail.
- 23-24: Egypt holds its first free presidential election.
- 28: Officials announce a run-off vote between Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Mursi and Ahmed Shafiq, who served briefly as Mubarak's last premier.
- 30: Mubarak's sons, already on trial for corruption with their father, face a new separate case for alleged stock market fraud.
- 31: State of emergency imposed in 1981 ends.
- 2: Mubarak and Adly sentenced to life in prison in the murder case, while the six police commanders are acquitted. Original corruption charges against Mubarak's sons dropped. A lawyer for Mubarak says he will appeal. Protesters stage angry rallies.
- 3: State prosecutor says to appeal Mubarak verdicts.
- 11: Mubarak's health deteriorates: prison sources say he is defibrillated twice.
- 14: Egypt's top court annuls the Islamist-led house, paving the way for the military to assume parliament's powers, while allowing Shafiq to stand in the election.
- 19: Mubarak declared "clinically dead" after he was transferred to a military hospital from prison, according to the official MENA news agency. He had suffered a stroke and underwent defibrillation in prison, but medical sources told the news agency that his heart had stopped beating and did not respond to defibrillation.